Blood and Bleeding Disorders Quiz

Reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP on December 5, 2016
Sepsis (Blood Infection)
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Sickle cell disease is named after a farming tool.

Healthy red blood cells are round. In a person with sickle cell disease (SCD), the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a "sickle." Sickle cells die early, causing a constant shortage of red blood cells.

True False

There is no cure for any patient with sickle cell disease.

Bone marrow or stem cell transplants can cure sickle cell disease in some patients.

True False

Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects different people in different ways, but SCD symptoms almost always include pain.

A pain episode or crisis is the most common symptom of sickle cell disease (sickle cell anemia), and it's the top reason that people with the disease go to the emergency room or hospital. When sickle cells travel through small blood vessels, they can get stuck and clog the blood flow. This causes pain that can start suddenly, be mild to severe, and last for any length of time.

True False

Hemophilia is group of bleeding disorders.

Hemophilia is not one disease but rather one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders that cause abnormal or exaggerated bleeding and poor blood clotting. For example, there is Hemophilia A (lack of clotting factor VIII), Hemophilia B (lack of clotting factor IX) and Von Willebrand disease (lack of Von Willebrand clotting factor).

True False

Most people with hemophilia are...

Hemophilia is a common inherited bleeding disorder. Hemophilia occurs in one of every 5,000 male births. Currently, about 20,000 males in the U.S. have the disorder. Females who inherit one affected X chromosome become a "carrier" of hemophilia.

Males Females

________________ occurs only in women.

Menorrhagia refers to heavy menstrual bleeding. Menorrhagia can be incapacitating for some women and may suggest a bleeding disorder.

Anemia Hyperlipidemia Menorrhagia Hemorrhage

_______________ is a blood clot that blocks a major artery feeding the lungs.

A pulmonary embolism clogs the artery that provides blood supply to part of the lung. The embolism not only prevents the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, but it also decreases blood supply to the lung tissue itself, potentially causing lung tissue to die.

Pleurosis Pneumothorax Pulmonary embolism All of the above

Pulmonary embolism is most closely related to _________________.

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is most closely related to deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT/PE is an underdiagnosed, serious, preventable medical condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein. These clots usually develop in the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis, but they can also occur in the arm. In more than one-third of people affected by DVT, clots can travel to the lungs and cause PE, a potentially fatal condition.

Deep vein thrombosis A collapsed lung Hemophilia Bronchitis

A red blood cell typically lives for about four weeks.

The normal life span of a red blood cell is typically around 100-120 days (about four months).

True False

A red blood cell count or hemoglobin that is less than normal describes _____________.

Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal.

Fever Anemia Hemochromatosis Low blood pressure

If you are in septic shock, what's wrong?

The terms septic shock and sepsis are often used interchangeably with the term septicemia, a serious, life-threatening blood infection that worsens very quickly and is often fatal.

Seven blood nutrients are missing Severe blood loss has occurred Seven blood nutrients are overactive A blood infection is present

Hemochromatosis means there is too much __________ in the blood.

Hemochromatosis (HE-mo-kro-ma-TO-sis) is a disease in which too much iron builds up in the body (iron overload). Iron is a mineral found in many foods. Too much iron is toxic to the body. It can poison organs and cause organ failure. In hemochromatosis, iron can build up in most of the body's organs but especially in the liver, heart, and pancreas.

Iron Carbon Plasma Alcohol

Sources: Sources

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